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Smeeth Community Primary School

Early Years (EYFS)

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Ofsted 2019 - Early Years Provision: Good


"Pupils develop their reading from the very beginning of Reception Year. The reading curriculum is well planned. Pupils learn phonics (letters and the sounds they represent) quickly. They enjoy reading and develop a passion for reading as they move through the school. Leaders ensure that reading is a significant part of almost every task or activity. Pupils achieve well in reading."


"In early years, the seven areas of development are planned well. Children build on what they know and can do. Teachers closely monitor children’s development and make changes to the curriculum when children fall behind. Children leave early years well prepared for key stage 1. Reading is a priority. Parents help children in their reading by reading books with them at home. This is recorded in their reading journals. Children quickly develop a love of books."


Explaining the Early Learning Goals

At the end of Year R (the Foundation Stage), each child will be assessed against 7 key areas called the Early Learning Goals (ELG's). These areas are broken down into 'Prime Areas' and 'Specific Areas'. 

This is known as the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) Profile. 


For each early learning goal, practitioners must judge whether a child is meeting the level of development expected at the end of the Reception year ('expected'), or not yet reaching this level ('emerging'). 


The completed EYFS Profile also includes a short commentary on each child's skills and abilities in relation to the three key characteristics of effective learning.  This will support future curriculum planning and will provide the Year 1 teacher with important information about each child's approach to learning.


The early years foundation stage (EYFS) sets standards for the learning, development and care of children from birth to 5 years old.


All schools and Ofsted-registered early years providers must follow the EYFS, including childminders, preschools, nurseries and school reception classes.



There are assessments when a child is aged between 2 and 3 years and at the end of the academic year when they turn 5.  These are not tests for the child - the assessments are based of EYFS practitioners' observations.


Information from these assessments is used for parents, practitioners and teachers to support children's learning and development.


Early Years learning concentrates on 7 areas split between prime and specific areas of learning, however they are not to be used as checklists as each child develops at their own rate and in their own way.  Similarly, children do not need to have achieved every part of each ELG to achieve a 'Good Level of Development'. 


The prime areas of learning are:

  • Communication and Language
  • Physical Development
  • Personal, Social and Emotional Development


The specific areas of learning are:

  • Literacy
  • Mathematics
  • Understanding the World
  • Expressive Arts and Design


Further Information for Parents

Read more about EYFS for parents on the Foundation Years website.  It shows you how you can support your child during the foundation years and what you can expect from the professionals working with your child.


Please click on the following link to see the Early Learning Goals of each area, expected by the end of Reception. 

Progression of Knowledge and Skills

Please click on the documents below to see our EYFS Progression. This information has been taken from the 2021 EYFS Framework and adapted further to perfectly match to our Smeeth topics!